Learning Mandarin – Nouns, Verbs, Adjectives, and Adverbs

Awesome image by Niketh Vellanki

In Mandarin, the word for word is  (Cí). It's pronounced somewhat like "tser". An example of its use is in the word 词典  (Cídiǎn) which is the word for a dictionary.

Individual characters are called   (Zì) but that can also be used for a word. Mandarin characters would be 汉字  (Hànzì) where 汉  (Hàn) represents the Han people ie: most of the Chinese.

Most of the parts of English speech have fairly direct equivalents. A Noun is called 名词  (Míngcí) which pretty much means "name word".

A verb is called 动词  (Dòngcí) which is close to meaning a "move word" or perhaps a "movement word".

An adjective is called 形容词  (Xíngróngcí) which is a little more complex but basically a "describe word". on its own is a shape.

An adverb is called 副词  (Fùcí) which is close to a "assistant word", a "secondary word", or an "auxiliary word".  on its own is means secondary, auxiliary, deputy, assistant, etc.

Learning Mandarin

I'll write more soon on the best methods for learning. If you want to get a taste for it in the meantime though, my current favorite is Tutor Ming. If you decide to try it, click here and it's a bit cheaper for you, and for me.

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